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HTML

HTML

HTML is a markup language for describing web documents (web pages). HTML was invented in 1990 by a scientist called Tim Berners-Lee. The purpose was to make it easier for scientists at different universities to gain access to each other's research documents. The project became a bigger success than Tim Berners-Lee had ever imagined. By inventing HTML he laid the foundation for the web as we know it today.

HTML is a language, which makes it possible to present information (e.g. scientific research) on the Internet. What you see when you view a page on the Internet is your browser's interpretation of HTML.

HTML is an abbreviation of "HyperText Mark-up Language" - which is already more than you need to know at this stage.

  • Hyper is the opposite of linear. In the good old days - when a mouse was something the cat chased - computer programs ran linearly: when the program had executed one action it went to the next line and after that, the next line and so on. But HTML is different - you can go wherever you want and whenever you want. For example, it is not necessary to visit MSN.com before you visit HTML.net.

  • Text is self-explanatory.

  • Mark-up is what you do with the text. You are marking up the text the same way you do in a text editing program with headings, bullets and bold text and so on.

  • Language is what HTML is. It uses many English words.

  • HTML documents are described by HTML tags

  • Each HTML tag describes different document content

XHTML stands for Extensible HyperText Markup Language

  • XHTML is almost identical to HTML

  • XHTML is stricter than HTML

  • XHTML is HTML defined as an XML application

  • XHTML is supported by all major browsers